Adjustment procedures for census undercount used in 1980 decennial census hearings before the Subcommittee on Census and Population of the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, House of Representatives, Ninety-eighth Congress, second session, April 5, 13, 23, 1984. by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. Subcommittee on Census and Population.

Cover of: Adjustment procedures for census undercount used in 1980 decennial census | United States. Congress. House. Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. Subcommittee on Census and Population.

Published by U.S. G.P.O. in Washington .

Written in English

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Places:

  • United States,
  • United States.

Subjects:

  • Census undercounts -- United States,
  • United States -- Census, 20th, 1980

Book details

Classifications
LC ClassificationsKF27 .P632 1984d
The Physical Object
Paginationiii, 169 p. :
Number of Pages169
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3001450M
LC Control Number84604030

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The number of congressional representatives a state receives, as well as district boundaries, are determined by a decennial census. A number of communities, contending that the census has missed large numbers of persons and that this undercounting will result in their citizens being shortchanged in political representations and federal fund distributions, have taken legal action to have.

Get this from a library. Adjustment procedures for census undercount used in decennial census: hearings before the Subcommittee on Census and Population of the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, House of Representatives, Ninety-eighth Congress, second session, April 5, 13, 23, [United States.

Congress. House. Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. In each U.S. census there has been an undercount of the population. For example, the Bureau estimated that undercount rate was percent (1.l million persons) the the census and percent ( million persons) for the census.

The rate of undercount for blacks for higher, 8 percent ( million persons) in was much. A lawsuit was filed on Census Day,by the city of Detroit asking for the census to be adjusted for the undercount.

This action was soon followed by other lawsuits with a total of 52 filed, 36 of which asked for adjustment. Two of the adjustment cases have gone to trial—the city of Detroit and the state and city of New by: BUREAU OF THE CENSUS STATISTICAL RESEARCH DIVISION REPORT SERIES SRD Research Report Number: CENSUS/SRD/RR UNDERCOUNT ADJUSTMENT AND APPORTIONMENT Leon Gil ford C/O of Statistical Research Division Bureau of the Census RoomF.O.B.

#4 Washington, D.C. U.S.A. Decennial census results should not be viewed as counts to be reported directly, but as data to be used in estimating the population and its characteristics. We propose methods by which the results of Adjustment procedures for census undercount used in 1980 decennial census book census could be so analyzed using both other nationally collected information currently available at the.

The increase resulted despite the policy effective July 1,of reduced direct service to the general public due to budget cuts incurred by OPR. Fully half the requests in —over 2,—were for data from the decennial census. This book is the first social history of the census from its origins to the present and has become the standard history of the population census in the United States.

The second edition has been updated to trace census developments sinceincluding the undercount controversies, the arrival of the American Community Survey, and innovations of the digital age.

The Census Bureau thus was forced either to abandon the pre-specification of adjustment procedures or to produce undercount estimates that lacked face validity. The bureau decided to implement a seemingly innocuous procedure for treating the few suspect poststrata as “outliers” whose variances would be left unsmoothed.

the census. The census missed three percent of men age 21 to 35, but 13 percent of Black men in that age group. This disparity was the first objective evidence of what we now call the differential undercount — a disproportionate undercounting of some population subgroups, most notably people.

The Census Bureau used sampling to estimate the undercount, to adjust for it. (For the Census, there is a proposal to use sampling to adjust for undercount, and to follow up some people who do not mail back their census forms. This talk is just about adjusting for undercount.).

Data adjustment The Census Bureau and BLs have historically followed the procedure of introducing population weights based on the new decennial census into the cps in a single month (at the beginning of a year to avoid distortions to annual average data), and indicating in footnotes and technical articles the presence of a series break.'.

census The budget for the decennial census was approximately $1, for the full ten-year period preceding the census and approx-imately $, for Tr. at The methodology of the census is set forth in numerous Census Bureau manuals. See Defendant's Ex. Briefly, the census was.

A mandatory injunction ordering defendants to adjust population figures for the census at the national, state, and sub-state level to reflect the undercount, and to adjust the differential undercount to * prevent the known undercount of Blacks and Hispanics, as well as whites.

The methods by which this adjustment shall be made shall. The inherent uncertainties of sampling/statistical adjustment may undermine public confidence in the decennial census and reduce public participation Two concerns Secretary Mosbacher raised in his decision not to adjust the Census were that: (1) the uncertainty of sampling and the potential for political manipulation would erode public.

Pursuant to this constitutional authority to direct the manner in which the "actual Enumeration" of the population shall be made, Congress enacted the Census Act (hereinafter Census Act or Act), 13 U.S.C. § 1 et seq., delegating to the Secretary of Commerce (Secretary) authority to conduct the decennial census.

The Act provides that the Secretary "shall, in the year and every   next decennial census for the year Sampling was used in connection with the census to carry out the “Post-Enumeration Survey” (the “PES”) that meas­ ured the undercount for that year. See City of New York, 34 F.3d at ; David A. Freedman, Adjusting the Census of34 Jurimetrics J.

99, (). The U.S. Census Bureau's Demographic Analysis shows that young children (age 0 to 4) had a higher net undercount rate than any other age group in the U.S.

Decennial Census. Three key patterns are evident in the U.S. data relative to the net unde. Coverage and content errors in the U.S. Decennial Census Article type: Research Article.

Authors: The Census Bureau will continue to examine the use of different undercount measurement and adjustment techniques to determine whether it can develop a valid procedure for adjustment of the census counts.

It also conducts reinterview. undercount and methods used to adjust census data, emphasizing the undercount the decennial census, match all individuals in the survey to those reported in the census, and then million inmillion inmillion inmillion inandin (see Figure 1).

There are different trends for the black. My PhD studies were intertwined with the census-undercount controversy, with summer jobs at the U.S. Census Bureau in the s morphing into opportunities to work on the proposed adjustment of the census and to contribute to subsequent related discussions (e.g., Belin,; Belin et al., ; Belin & Rolph, ).

* Under Art. I, § 2, cl. 3, of the United States Constitution, responsibility for conducting the decennial census rests with Congress.1 Congress has delegated to the Secretary of Commerce the duty to conduct the decennial census, 13 U.S.C.

§ ; the Secretary in turn has delegated this function to the Bureau of the Census. 13 U.S.C. § population that is not counted by the census. For the n and census, the undercount for the nation was estimated to be about 3 percent. Forthe rate was. John E. Flaherty, Jr., and Malcolm J.

Hall filed a brief for Plaintiffs in MDL, In re Decennial Census Adjustment Litigation, as amici curiae urging reversal in No. Robert Abrams, Attorney General, Frederick A. Schwarz, Jr., Robert S. Rifkind, Peter Bienstock, and Allen G. Schwartz filed a brief for the State of New York et.

See, e.g., In re Decennial Census Adjustment Litigation, F. Supp. (J.P.M.D.L); Carey v. Klutznick, F.2d (CA2), cert. pending sub nom. Carey v. Baldrige, No. [Footnote 13] Although § 9(a)(1) allows use of census data for "statistical" purposes, it remains subject to § 8(b), which prohibits public disclosure of.

U.S Bureau of the Census more to using the PEP it is important to consider than four times the amount spent on the the use of matching studies based on Census The Census can be regarded as alternative population lists There are two an ultimate test of whether complete coverage reasons for this One is that such studies.

Ahead of the Census, statisticians at the Census Bureau and elsewhere actively debated whether it was scientifically feasible to improve the census by applying statistical adjustment based on the results of dual-system estimation. 51 The Census Bureau decided against the proposal inciting its lack of confidence in the methods.

The Decennial Census: Background and Issues Congressional Research Service 2 million—received their census forms by mail in March,5 ahead of the official April 1 Census Day, and 74% of the households that received forms mailed them back.6 From May through July, aboutcensus takers 7 contacted approximately 47 million households that either did not.

of ward data after the census1 and the census.2 The Census Bureau also used the ward boundaries for census enumeration; a ward boundary often was the outer boundary for a group of EDs. The Census Bureau developed plans to report population data by wards following the census, but deferred the tabulations because of budgetary con.

This book is the first social history of the census from its origins to the present and has become the standard history of the population census in the United States. The second edition has been updated to trace census developments sinceincluding the undercount controversies, the arrival of the American Community Survey, and innovations.

Sampling for Census A Legal Overview Summary Sampling and statistical adjustment of the decennial population census taken for the purpose of apportioning the Representatives in Congress among the States, have become increasingly controversial during the past two decades and have culminated in two lawsuits concerning the legality and constitutionality of sampling, Department of.

to improve census enumeration in small towns and hunting and fishing villages. These issues all yield a common outcome•undercount. It is esti- mated that the decennial census undercounted Alaska's state- wide population by percent.

After reviewing reports of a special census conducted by the state, we discovered that the un. The decennial censuses are planned and conducted with a high degree of professional competence.

Nevertheless, some important problems have emerged over the past several decades. First, after decreasing from tothe overall net undercount of the population increased in (to percent, up from percent in ). an undercount in the census, we have embarked on a dual strategy for the census.

We will attempt to take the best census possi- ble and count everyone, but we will also do what is necessary to be prepared to adjust the counts if we determine that adjustment will improve them. his well-founded understanding of historical census practice and experience, an important consideration in this context.

See, e.g., Montana, supra, at Respondents misplace their reliance on statistical adjustments that were used in the and censuses, since those adjustments were of an entirely different type than the one at issue and took place on a dramatically smaller scale.

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Full text of "Conference On Census Undercount. Proceedings of the Conference". A census is the procedure of systematically enumerating, and acquiring and recording information about the members of a given term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agricultural, traditional culture, business, supplies, and traffic United Nations defines the essential features of population and.

The census has been the subject of high-profile controversy since the s.1 In andthe major cases revolved around proposed adjustments to remedy the differential undercount of minorities. For Censussampling was the focus of the conflict. Sampling came into the Bureau’s proposed design in two main ways.

Census Legal Issues re Data for Reapportionment and Redistricting The release of the Census data for the apportionment of the House of Representatives among the States and the release of the state redistricting data to the States as required by P.L.

has renewed the decennial debate over several census-related issues. First, the perennial statistical adjustment issue, although. This paper is a discussion of Censusfocusing on planned use of sampling techniques for adjustment.

Past experience with similar adjustment methods suggests that the design for Census is quite risky. Adjustment was the focus of litigation in the census of and The planned use of sampling to obtain population counts. The Secretary of Commerce oversees the "actual Enumeration" of the population.

The Census Bureau was formed within the Commerce Department to conduct the decennial census. The law states that the Bureau "shall, in the year and every 10 years thereafter, take a decennial census of population as of the first day of April of such year.".U.S.

Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, - Census. 0 Reviews. Preview this book.Section of the Census Act authorizes the Bureau to determine the form and content of the decennial census, which may "includ[e] the use of sampling procedures and special surveys." Such techniques may include, at the discretion of the Bureau, the use of statistical adjustments.

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